Against the claim that there can be just wars, that "it is not sweet to die for one's country. It is bitter. But it can be noble." (Noel Annan, New York Review of Books, Sept. 28, 1989), Howard Zinn asks (Passionate Declarations, footnote 82 of Chapter "Just and unjust war"):
"What makes you so sure that to die in war is to die for one's country, rather than for national aggrandizement, political power, economic greed, and fanaticism ?"
Then he ends this chapter with what he thinks is the only acceptable solution, nonviolent action:
"It is the great challenge of our time: how to achieve justice, with struggle, but without war."